Aurelio District Rome
The Esquiline Hill is one of the legendary Seven Hills of Rome.

Its southern-most cusp is the Oppian Hill (Colle Oppio). Why the name Esquilino? Perhaps the hill was named after the “exculi” (holm-oaks), or maybe because the people who populate the external regions (i.e., Aurelian, but also Oppius, Cispius, Fagutal which are part of Esquiline hill) were called in a primordial Rome “exquilini”, meaning “suburbanians”.

Later on, the Esquiline became a posh residential district.

Here you can find Porta Maggiore, the gigantic 1st-century AD monument, a city gate and a part of the Acqua Claudia aqueduct.
One of the most impressive archaeological sites in Rome is also here: San Clemente.Originally 1st-century Roman apartments, it turned into a 2nd-century pagan temple dedicated to the god Mithras, then in a 4th-century church and again in a 12th-century church!

San Giovanni in Laterano is the official cathedral of Rome, which is also the ecclesiastical seat of the Bishop of Rome, aka the Pope. San Giovanni was built in the 4th century, when Emperor Constantine took the land from the wealthy Laterani family and donated it to the Church.

San Pietro in Vincoli contains Michelangelo’s Moses, carved in the early 16th century for the never-completed tomb of Pope Julius II, while Santa Maria Maggiore is one of the oldest churches in Rome, built around 440 by Pope Sixtus III.

Apartments near Esquilino